Updated: May 6, 2020
“The doctor must do everything in his power to save lives, preserve health or at least alleviate the suffering.” ~ Hippocrates
In the times where doctors are warriors and waging war against the greatest enemy, ‘CORONA’ they all need armour for protection. Personal protective equipment serves this purpose.
The causative agent for COVID-19, earlier termed as novel Coronavirus has been officially named as SARS-CoV-2.
Mode of transmission
There is clear evidence of human-to-human transmission of SARS-CoV-2. It is thought to be transmitted mainly through respiratory droplets that get generated when people cough, sneeze, or exhale, by direct touch and through contaminated surfaces or objects and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes.
The Protective equipment consists of garments placed to protect the health care workers or any other persons to get infected. The standard precautions include face mask, gloves, gown. For blood, airborne, droplet spread diseases the PPE kit contains: face mask/shield, eye wear, head cover, coverall suit, gloves, shoe cover. Occupational Safety andHealth Administration(OSHA) mandated the use of universal precautions during treatment of all patients in 1991. Factors Influencing PPE Selection • Type of exposure anticipated – Splash/spray versus touch – Category of isolation precautions
• Durability and appropriateness for the task
Face shield and goggles
Contamination of mucous membranes of the eyes, nose and mouth occurs by droplets generated by cough, sneeze of an infected person or during aerosol generation, touching the eyes/nose/mouth with a contaminated hand is another likely scenario. The flexible frame of goggles should provide a good seal with the skin of the face, covering the eyes and the surrounding areas. Face shield is made of clear plastic.
Respiratory viruses that including Coronavirus target mainly the upper and lower respiratory tracts. The type of mask to be used is related to a particular risk profile of the category of personnel and his/her work. There are two types of masks which are recommended for various categories of personnel working in hospital or community settings, depending upon the work environment:
1. Triple layer medical mask
2. N-95 Respirator mask
Triple layer medical mask
A triple layer medical mask is a disposable mask, fluid-resistant, providing protection to the wearer from droplets of infectious material emitted during coughing/sneezing/talking.
N-95 Respirator mask
An N-95 respirator mask is a respiratory protective device with high filtration efficiency to airborne particles. Since these provide a much tighter air seal than triple layer medical masks, they are designed to protect the wearer from inhaling airborne particles.
Nitrile gloves are preferred over latex gloves because they resist chemicals, including certain disinfectants such as chlorine. However, if nitrile gloves are not available, latex gloves can be used. Non Powdered gloves are preferred to powdered gloves.
Coverall/gowns are designed to protect the torso of healthcare providers from exposure to viruses. Disposable (single-use) isolation gowns are typically constructed of non-woven materials to provide integrity and strength. The basic raw materials typically used for disposable isolation gowns are various forms of synthetic fibres (e.g. polypropylene, polyester, polyethylene).
Shoe covers should be made up of impermeable fabric to be used over shoes to facilitate personal protection and decontamination.
Those using gowns, should use a head cover that covers the head and neck while providing clinical care for patients. Hair and hair extensions should fit inside the head cover.
All items: Expiry 5 years
RATIONAL USE OF PPE
Note from Indent:
We at Indent are sourcing good quality and reliable PPE kits that you can use. Protect yourself with our SITRA Certified PPE Kit.